What is Carborundum?
Carborundum is the trademark name for silicon carbide crystals used as an abrasive material in sandpaper, cutting tools and grinding wheels. Artists originally used the substance for grinding lithography stones, but collagraph prints use it to create texture and tone gradients.Image © Muka In Room/Shutterstock
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ARTWORKS RELATED TO CARBORUNDUM
Psychological theory that started in 1968 at the time when the debate on "person-situation" was triggered through a monograph publication by Walter Mischel. It is an approach to art behavior that states that there are no general traits. It holds that behavior is externally influenced by situational factors from environment rather than motivations and internal traits. It thus challenges trait theorists like Raymond B. Cattel and Hans Esyenck. Major movement linked to situationism is "Situationist International" founded by Asger Jorn.
Grupo Ruptura was an organization formed in Brazil by artists who wished to break away from the old forms of naturalist painting in favor of geometric abstract art. The seven published their Ruptura Manifesto, early in the 1950s, advocating “new art for a new country”.