Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is Chalk?

What is Chalk?

Chalk is calcium carbonate, a mineral substance. In art, chalk is most often described in reference to drawing with chalk sticks. These are a mix of chalk, pigment in various colors and gum Arabic, pressed into a stick with four flat sides.

Image © Parilov/Shutterstock

Josef Felix Müller

Ohne Titel (x4), 1983

Drawing / Watercolor

Chalk

EUR 2,000

1
Earth Art

Earth art was a style which emerged in the 1960s and 70s. It was part of the conceptual art movement, and refers to artworks created by sculpting the land or making structures in the landscape using earth, rocks or twigs.

Situationism

Psychological theory that started in 1968 at the time when the debate on "person-situation" was triggered through a monograph publication by Walter Mischel. It is an approach to art behavior that states that there are no general traits. It holds that behavior is externally influenced by situational factors from environment rather than motivations and internal traits. It thus challenges trait theorists like Raymond B. Cattel and Hans Esyenck. Major movement linked to situationism is "Situationist International" founded by Asger Jorn.

Pop art

Refers to an art movement that began in Britain in 1955 and late 1950s in the U.S. It challenged fine arts tradition by including popular culture imagery such as news and advertising. Pop art sometimes isolates and removes a material from its context and combines it with another unrelated material. This concept refers much to the attitudes that resulted in it and not on the art itself. Pop art employs comic books, advertising and other mass culture aspects. It is interpreted to have come as a reaction to abstract expressionism dominant ideas.

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