Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is Grupo Ruptura?

What is Grupo Ruptura?

Grupo Ruptura was an organization formed in Brazil by artists who wished to break away from the old forms of naturalist painting in favor of geometric abstract art. The seven published their Ruptura Manifesto, early in the 1950s, advocating “new art for a new country”.

Artwork by Waldemar Cordeiro
Cement

Cement is any variety of mixtures of clay, limestone, water, sand and gravel which forms concrete to be used as material for building things. To cement also means to join or unite. In art, cement can mean the process of gluing securely.

Wax

Wax is a solid material derived from plant, animal and petroleum sources. Wax can help paints to resist wear. It is used to make sculptures, wax crayons, colored pencils, and for encaustic painting; where colored beeswax shaped with special tools makes raised surfaces.

Bronze

Bronze is a metal alloy which is made of copper and tin. Most modern compositions include 88% copper and 12% tin. Bronze eventually develops a patina, or surface color, that is a deep green. Large bronze objects are made in foundries.

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