What is Grupo Ruptura?
Grupo Ruptura was an organization formed in Brazil by artists who wished to break away from the old forms of naturalist painting in favor of geometric abstract art. The seven published their Ruptura Manifesto, early in the 1950s, advocating “new art for a new country”.Artwork by Waldemar Cordeiro
Composite material that consists of pieces of pulp or paper reinforced using textiles and bound using adhesives like starch, wallpaper paste or glue. Preparation of Papier Mache can take two methods, one uses paper strips that are glued together and the other method makes use of pulp that's obtained through boiling or soaking paper to which a glue is added. Each of the two methods has its own procedure. The results however, are not much different.
Etching and Aquatint are terms related to printing. An Aquatint has the master printing plate etched with microscopic pits and cracks to produce unlimited gradations in tone. This helps to re-create the broad and flat tints seen in watercolor drawings and ink washes.