Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is Papier-Maché?

What is Papier-Maché?

Composite material that consists of pieces of pulp or paper reinforced using textiles and bound using adhesives like starch, wallpaper paste or glue. Preparation of Papier Mache can take two methods, one uses paper strips that are glued together and the other method makes use of pulp that's obtained through boiling or soaking paper to which a glue is added. Each of the two methods has its own procedure. The results however, are not much different.

Artwork by Niki de Saint Phalle
Readymade

Readymade is the term Marcel Duchamp used to describe his artworks made from objects which were manufactured. The French artist first used the term, and artists who work similarly now use it. Duchamp chose functional objects which he felt had visual indifference.

Dau Al Set

This movement was an attempt to show the conscious, as well as the unconscious mind through art. Initially it started off as an offshoot of Surrealism, but grew over time to be much more distinct. Dau Al Set was the first artistic movement in Catalonia post-World War II. The name Dau Al Set translates to "the seventh face of the dice" in Catalan, which is meant to describe the movements character.

Automatism

Automatism refers to the process of accessing material from the unconscious or subconscious within the creative process. It is Sigmund Freud’s method used during psychoanalysis called free association. Artists valued the process for its ability to stimulate creative thought and activity.

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