Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is Papier-Maché?

What is Papier-Maché?

Composite material that consists of pieces of pulp or paper reinforced using textiles and bound using adhesives like starch, wallpaper paste or glue. Preparation of Papier Mache can take two methods, one uses paper strips that are glued together and the other method makes use of pulp that's obtained through boiling or soaking paper to which a glue is added. Each of the two methods has its own procedure. The results however, are not much different.

Artwork by Niki de Saint Phalle
Conceptual art

Sometimes referred to as Conceptualism. It is an art where idea(s) or concept(s) included in the work come before material concerns and traditional aesthetic. Many of these conceptual artworks can be constructed by any person by simply following instructions written. The concept or idea is the most fundamental aspect of artwork.

Automatism

Automatism refers to the process of accessing material from the unconscious or subconscious within the creative process. It is Sigmund Freud’s method used during psychoanalysis called free association. Artists valued the process for its ability to stimulate creative thought and activity.

Land Art

Also referred to as Earth art, Earthworks or Environmental art. Primarily, it is a sculptural movement that encompasses creative artwork that integrates conceptual or physical elements of the earth or landscape to a finished piece.

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