Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is patina?

What is patina?

Patina is the distinctive greenish surface which bronze develops over years of exposure to the air and humidity. Artists also can apply chemicals to bronze to artificially create patina. Bronze can also be polished, which reveals its natural rich gold color.

Wood

Wood is one of the most ancient and versatile materials used to create artwork. It has been used as the base for paintings, to make brush handles, pens and pencils, as easels to support canvas, for wood engraving, woodcut and woodblock printing, and sculpting.

Embossing

Embossing is the technique of decorating or creating images with a raised design. Artists often change the shape of paper to create raised edges with many levels. The process is worked from the reverse side of the paper, using a template and sanded dowel.

Matter painting

Matter painting is a technique which blends thick impasto pains with cement, mud, sand or shells. The term first emerged in the 1950s, describing the works of Belgian and Dutch painters who focused on painting materials and the different ways paint could be used.

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