Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is patina?

What is patina?

Patina is the distinctive greenish surface which bronze develops over years of exposure to the air and humidity. Artists also can apply chemicals to bronze to artificially create patina. Bronze can also be polished, which reveals its natural rich gold color.

Spatialism

Art movement that originated from Italy in the year 1947 when Lucio Fontana founded it with an intention to synthesize sound, color, movement and space into an entirely new type of art. The main ideas of the movement came from his manifesto that was published in 1496 where he spoke of "spatial art" to keep the spirit of the post war age. The ideas were further boosted by the five manifestos that followed the first one. Though his ideas were vague, his outlook was strongly influential probably because he was the first artist from Europe to promote art as a performance and gesture.

Ink

Ink is a colored liquid or paste used writing, drawing, painting and printing. It is also the term used to describe the process of marking, covering, staining, drawing or tracing over pencil using ink. Ink is applied using various tools, such as pens, and brushes.

Figuration Libre

This is an art movement equivalent to the French Bad Painting and the Neo-expressionism in Europe and America. This art term was coined by Ben Vautier and Fluxus. Robert Combas, Francois Boisrond, Herve Di Rosa and Remi Blanchard formed the Figuration Libre group back in 1981. This art term can be interpreted as "free style" art.

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