Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is patina?

What is patina?

Patina is the distinctive greenish surface which bronze develops over years of exposure to the air and humidity. Artists also can apply chemicals to bronze to artificially create patina. Bronze can also be polished, which reveals its natural rich gold color.

Constructivism

An architectural and artistic philosophy of Russian origin that came as a rejection of the concept or idea of the famous autonomous art. The movement favored art as the best practice for the common social purposes. Since its origin in the year 1919, Constructivism has evolved and impacted in the 20th century art movements thus influencing major trends including De Stijl and Bauhaus movements.

Light and Space

Refers to loosely affiliated movements that relate to minimalism, geometric abstraction and op art that originated from Southern California back in the 1960s and was greatly influenced by John McLaughlin. Artists focused on sensory phenomena such as light and others as the center of their work. In addition, they incorporated latest technologies in aerospace and engineering industries so as to develop light filled and sensuous objects.

Postminimalism

Postminimalism describes the range of art styles in the 1960s which followed Minimalism. Forms of art common the term include conceptual, body, performance, process and site-specific themes. While Minimalism generally embraced impersonality, postminimalists sought to retain Minimalism or embrace expressiveness; investigating new materials and techniques.

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