Sam Francis

Untitled, 1984

106.7 X 73 inch

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What is pigment?

What is pigment?

Refers to a material that alters the color of light that's transmitted or reflected due to selective absorption of wavelength. This process however, differs from phosphorescence, fluorescence and other luminescence forms where materials emit light. Materials chosen and developed by humans for use in art as pigments have special properties in most cases that make them the best for use in coloring materials. A pigment's tinting strength should be relatively high in relation to the material to be colored.

Tempera

Tempera is a paint traditionally made with colored pigments and egg yolks. The paint dries quickly and lasts a very long time. Some examples still remain from 100 AD. Modern tempera paint uses glue size with the colored pigments instead of egg yolks.

Porcelain

Porcelain is a hard material made of clay which is primarily composed of the mineral kaolinite. It is used to make art objects and a wide range of everyday household wares such as dishes and bowls. Porcelain items are popular for painting with special glazes.

Gutai

Gutai were the group of Japanese radical artists who formed the Gutai Art Association in 1954. The word gutai is translated to mean embodiment. They created art on the spot for audiences, including their own physical movements; throwing paint, piercing paper and rolling in mud.

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